Spirit, is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grains, fruits, or other fermentable ingredients. Much stronger than beer and wine, distilled spirits include brandy, gin, rum, tequila, whiskey, vodka, and various flavoured liqueurs. These are the primary ingredients in cocktails.
Every distilled spirit begins with a base ingredient’s fermentation. This initial process is similar to making beer and wine: yeast is added to a mixture of water and a mash containing a fermentable organic substance. As the yeast works its magic, the base ingredient’s sugars are converted into alcohol.
The primary ingredient defines the type of Spirit that is produced:
A single grain or combination of grains, such as corn, wheat, or rye, are used for spirits like whiskey, vodka, and gin. They are also used for “neutral grain spirits” that form the base of many liqueurs.
Molasses is fermented for Rum while pure sugar cane juice is the base for Cachaca.
Tequila and mezcal begin with the extracted juices of the agave plant.
Starting like wine, Brandy is made from fermented fruit juices. Although usually grapes, apples, apricots, cherries, and other fruits can be used.
Some vodkas are distilled from fermented potatoes.
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